Just one cigarette a day during pregnancy can double the risk of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), warned a study.
SUID is defined as sudden and unexpected death of a baby below one year of age, in which the cause is not obvious before investigation.
For women, who smoked an average of 1-20 cigarettes a day, the odds of SUID increased by 0.07 with each additional cigarette, according to the study published in Pediatrics.
“With this information, doctors can better counsel pregnant women about their smoking habits, knowing that the number of cigarettes smoked daily during pregnancy significantly increase the risk of SUID,” said lead author Tatiana Anderson, from the Seattle Children’s Research Institute.
We hope advising women about this risk will result in less babies dying from these tragic causes.”
Women who reduced smoking by the third trimester saw a 12 per cent decrease in SUID risk. Quitting smoking was associated with a 23 per cent reduction in the risk.
“The most important takeaway is for women to understand that quitting smoking before and during pregnancy by far results in the greatest reduction in the SUID risk,” she said.
For the study, the team used computational modelling techniques to analyse maternal cigarette smoking habits for about 20 million births in the US.
The analysis also showed mothers who smoked three months before pregnancy and quit in the first trimester still had a higher risk of SUID compared with non-smokers.
The data supports public health efforts aimed at encouraging women to quit smoking well before pregnancy, Anderson said.
Pregnant mothers exposed to particulate matters may experience damage to the developing cardiovascular system in their foetuses, finds a study. Exposures to these microscopic materials early in the gestation period significantly impact foetal heart development, especially the main artery and the umbilical vein.
A single exposure during the third trimester could restrict maternal and foetal blood flow, resulting in further consequences throughout the child’s adulthood, the study said. Late exposures mostly impact the foetal size as it restricts blood flow from the mother and deprives the foetus of nutrients in the final stages.
“Pregnant women should also consider monitoring their indoor air quality,” said Phoebe Stapleton, Assistant Professor at Rutgers University. What a mother inhales affects her circulatory system, which is constantly adapting to supply adequate blood flow to the fetus as it grows.
“These findings suggest that pregnant women, women of child-bearing age and those undergoing fertility treatments should avoid areas with high air pollution or stay indoors on high-smog days,” said Stapleton. Air pollution exposure constricts blood vessels, restricts blood flow to the uterus and deprives the foetus of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in delayed growth and development.
It can also lead to common pregnancy complications, such as intrauterine growth restriction, he explained. The study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, looked at how the circulatory systems of pregnant rats’ foetuses on a single exposure to nanosized titanium dioxide aerosols — a surrogate for particles found in typical air pollution — during their first, second and third trimesters.
The results were compared to pregnant rats that were exposed to high-efficiency filtered air. In non-pregnant animals, even a single exposure to these nanoparticles was linked to impaired function of the arteries in the uterus.
Known as the “Oracle of Omaha,” Warren Buffett is one of the most successful investors of all time.
Buffett runs Berkshire Hathaway, which owns more than 60 companies, including insurer Geico, battery maker Duracell and restaurant chain Dairy Queen.
The son of a U.S. congressman, he first bought stock at age 11 and first filed taxes at age 13.
He’s promised to give away over 99% of his fortune. In 2018 he donated $3.4 billion, much of it to the foundation of friends Bill and Melinda Gates.
In 2010, he and Gates launched the Giving Pledge, asking billionaires to commit to donating half their wealth to charitable causes.
AGE : 88
SOURCE OF WEALTH : Berkshire Hathaway, Self Made
LIFETIME GIVING : $35.1B
GIVING AS A PERCENTAGE OF NET WORTH : 28%
RESIDENCE : Omaha, Nebraska
CITIZENSHIP : United States
MARITAL STATUS : Widowed, Remarried
CHILDREN : 3
EDUCATION : Bachelor of Arts/Science, University of Nebraska Lincoln; Master of Science, Columbia University
Buffett still lives in the same Omaha, Nebraska home he purchased in 1958 for $31,500.
The babies being born in America today are the luckiest crop in history… For 240 years it’s been a terrible mistake to bet against America, and now is no time to start.
Warren Edward Buffett (born August 30, 1930) is an American business magnate, investor, speaker and philanthropist who serves as the chairman and CEO of Berkshire Hathaway. He is considered one of the most successful investors in the world and has a net worth of US$84.9 billion as of February 12, 2019, making him the third-wealthiest person in the world.
Buffett has been the chairman and largest shareholder of Berkshire Hathaway since 1970 and he has been referred to as the “Wizard”, “Oracle”, or “Sage” of Omaha by global media outlets. He is noted for his adherence to value investing and for his personal frugality despite his immense wealth. Buffett is a notable philanthropist, having pledged to give away 99 percent of his fortune to philanthropic causes, primarily via the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. He founded The Giving Pledge in 2009 with Bill Gates, whereby billionaires pledge to give away at least half of their fortunes.
Buffett married Susan Buffett (Thompson) in 1952. They had three children, Susie, Howard and Peter. The couple began living separately in 1977, although they remained married until Susan Buffett’s death in July 2004. Their daughter, Susie, lives in Omaha, is a national board member of Girls, Inc., and does charitable work through the Susan A. Buffett Foundation.
In 2006, on his 76th birthday, Buffett married his longtime companion, Astrid Menks, who was then 60 years old—she had lived with him since his wife’s departure to San Francisco in 1977.
Located in a quiet neighborhood of Omaha, Nebraska lies the homeof billionaire Warren Buffett. He bought the house for $31,500 in 1958 or about $250,000 in today’s dollars. It’s now worth an estimated $652,619. He calls it the “third-best investment he’s ever made.”
What is Warren Buffett known for?
Buffett has been the chairman and largest shareholder of Berkshire Hathaway since 1970, and he has been referred to as the “Wizard”, “Oracle”, or “Sage” of Omaha by global media outlets. He is noted for his adherence to value investing and for his personal frugality despite his immense wealth.
What does Berkshire Hathaway actually do?
Berkshire Hathaway is a holding company for a multitude of businesses, run by its famous Chairman and CEO, Warren Buffett. … When Buffett became the controlling shareholder in the mid-1960s, he began a progressive strategy of diverting cash flows from the core business into other investments.
What kind of car does Warren Buffett drive?
The CEO of Berkshire Hathaway is well-known for his frugal quirks. He never spends more than $3.17 on breakfast, and he lives in the same house he bought for $31,500 in 1958 (or $260,000 in today’s dollars). In 2014, he reportedly bought a Cadillac XTS, a car with a retail price of around $45,000.
Does Warren Buffet have kids?
Warren Buffet has three children : Howard Graham Buffett (Son); Susan Alice Buffett (Daughter); Peter Buffett (Son).
What is the most expensive stock in the world?
The most expensive publicly traded stock of all time is Warren Buffett’s Berkshire Hathaway (BRK.A), which is trading at $305,500 per share, as of Oct. 23, 2018).
How much does Warren Buffett earn?
That means Buffett makes less than twice as much as his typical employee. According to Marketwatch, Buffett earns no other compensation or bonus. However he does currently own 283,000 shares of Berkshire Hathaway Class A stock, which closed at $310,630 on Friday. It makes up the bulk of his nearly $88 billion fortune.
সৌরভ চক্রবর্তী র নতুন ছবি ‘দৌড়’ ।ছবির নাম হয়তো অনেকেই জানেন।এই প্রথম এক অন্য ধরনের প্রেক্ষাপটে শর্ট ফিল্ম তৈরি করলেন সৌরভ।একঝাঁক নতুন মুখ দেখতে পাবেন দর্শক রা।এই ছবির শুটিং শেষ হয়েছে এবং এডিটিং এর কাজ করতে শুরু করে দিয়েছেন পরিচালক সৌরভ।একশন থ্রিলার কে কেন্দ্র করেই তৈরি এই ছবির চিত্রনাট্য।লিখেছেন সৌরভ নিজেই।ছবির পোস্টার ও ইতিমধ্যে দর্শকদের মন জয় করেছে।পরিচালনার পাশাপাশি তিনি অভিনয় ও করেছেন।এখন শুধু এটাই দেখার যে তিনি এই ছবির মাধ্যমে কতটা দর্শকদের মনে জায়গা করতে পারেন।
Smoking tobacco through Hookah results in inhaling more toxic chemicals than a cigarette.
The study published in the American Heart Association’s journal, called Circulation, states that a single session of hookah, that typically lasts 30 or more minutes, typically results in greater exposure to carbon monoxide than a cigarette and that the toxic chemicals, in addition to tobacco, harm the heart and blood vessels.
Hookah is also known as Narghile, Arghile, Shisha and Goza. It has a water bowl containing tobacco, has a head with holes in the bottom, a body, a flexible hose with a mouthpiece, and burning charcoal that is placed on top of the tobacco bowl.
The tobacco for hookah comes in various flavours and often colourful packaging, which appeals to the youth. The sweetness of the flavours masks the harshness of smoke that makes it easier to continue smoking hookahs.
“Many young people mistakenly believe that smoking tobacco from a hookah is less harmful than cigarette smoking because the tobacco is filtered through water, but there is no scientific evidence that supports that claim. However, there is evidence to suggest that hookah smoking is addictive and can lead to the use of other tobacco products such as cigarettes,” said co-author Aruni Bhatnagar.
Hookah users inhale huge smoke filled with large quantities of particulate matter at higher concentrations than cigarettes. Even short-term exposure to carbon monoxide in hookahs is toxic and can interfere with exercise capacity.
In addition to carbon monoxide, hookah smoke contains other potentially harmful chemicals that can affect the cardiovascular system, including nicotine, air pollutants, particulate matter, volatile organic chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, acrolein, lead, cadmium and arsenic. Most of these toxins are higher in hookah than cigarette smoke.
The study further says that there is evidence that tobacco in Hookah when smoked, impacts heart rate and blood pressure. Constant use of Hookah has been linked with increased coronary artery disease risk.
The trend of Hookah among young people rose with promotions on social media making it seem like a cool hobby to have, better than smoking a cigarette because that has been proven toxic and unhealthy.
Suffering from migraine? You could be at higher odds of having chronic dry eye disease, says a new study.
The chronic dry eye is a common disease in which natural tears fail to adequately lubricate the eyes, thus affecting its functioning and lessening a person’s quality of life.
The study showed that people with migraine had a 20 per cent higher risk of having dry eye disease, the HealthDay reported.
For men, aged 65 or above, having migraine nearly doubled the odds of dry eye disease, and risk in women of the same age was almost 2.5 times.
The association between migraine and dry eye was found to be more among the elderly, particularly for women due to hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives and menopause, the researchers said.
“Physicians caring for patients with a history of migraine headaches should be aware that these patients may be at risk for concurrent dry eye disease,” said Richard Davis, ophthalmologist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the US.
For the study, the team examined 73,000 adults.
The findings, published in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology, showed 8-34 per cent of adults may be affected by dry eye disease.
Further, similar underlying inflammatory processes at the cellular level are known to play key roles in both dry eye disease and migraine.
“Inflammatory changes in dry eye disease might trigger similar events in neuromuscular tissue, leading to the development and propagation of migraine headaches,” the team noted.
Excessive dryness of the eye’s surface might work on key nerve pathways to help trigger migraines, they added.
In addition, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, thyroid problems, exposure to smoke, wind and dry climates, and long-term use of contact lenses can also lead to dry eyes, the study noted
With his wife Melinda, Bill Gates chairs the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the world’s largest private charitable foundation.
The foundation works to save lives and improve global health, and is working with Rotary International to eliminate polio.
Gates has sold or given away much of his stake in Microsoft — he owns just over 1% of shares –and invested in a mix of stocks and other assets.
He remains a board member of Microsoft, the software firm he founded with Paul Allen in 1975.
In late 2016, Gates announced the launch of a $1 billion Breakthrough Energy investment fund with about 20 other people.
To date, Gates has donated $35.8 billion worth of Microsoft stock to the Gates Foundation.
AGE : 63
SOURCE OF WEALTH : Microsoft, Self Made
LIFETIME GIVING : $35.8B
GIVING AS A PERCENTAGE OF NET WORTH : 27%
RESIDENCE : Medina, Washington
CITIZENSHIP : United States
MARITAL STATUS : Married
CHILDREN : 3
EDUCATION : Drop Out, Harvard University
Money has no utility to me beyond a certain point. Its utility is entirely in building an organization and getting the resources out to the poorest in the world.
William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, and humanitarian. He is best known as the principal founder of Microsoft Corporation. During his career at Microsoft, Gates held the positions of chairman, CEO and chief software architect, while also being the largest individual shareholder until May 2014.
In 1975, Gates and Paul Allen launched Microsoft, which became the world’s largest PC software company. Gates led the company as chief executive officer until stepping down in January 2000, but he remained as chairman and created the position of chief software architect for himself. In June 2006, Gates announced that he would be transitioning from full-time work at Microsoft to part-time work and full-time work at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, which was established in 2000.
Since 1987, Gates has been included in the Forbes list of the world’s wealthiest people, an index of the wealthiest documented individuals, excluding and ranking against those with wealth that is not able to be completely ascertained. From 1995 to 2017, he held the Forbes title of the richest person in the world all.
In 2009, Gates and Warren Buffett founded The Giving Pledge, whereby they and other billionaires pledge to give at least half of their wealth to philanthropy.
Bill Gates owns a mansion that overlooks Lake Washington in Medina, Washington. The 66,000-square-foot mansion is noted for its design and the technology it incorporates. It is nicknamed Xanadu 2.0 in some news media articles. Bill Gates house has a value of more than US $ 127.5 million.
How much does Bill Gates make in a day?
With a worth of $72 billion, a 6% rate of return would earn Gates roughly $114.16 per second he is alive, making it a poor investment for Bill Gates to bother picking up a $100 bill if he dropped it.
How much does Bill Gates make 2018?
According to media, from 2017 to 2018 he went from being worth $86 billion to being worth $90 billion. That means in 2017, Gates’ net worth increased by $4 billion in one year alone. That averages out to approximately $10,959,000 a day, which is also about $456,625 per hour, $7,610 per minute, and $127 per second.
Who is wife of Bill Gates?
Melinda Ann Gates DBE is an American philanthropist. She is a former Microsoft employee and co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. She worked at Microsoft, where she was project manager for Microsoft Bob, Encarta and Expedia.
How many Children Bill Gates have?
Gates married Melinda French on a golf course on the Hawaiian island of Lanai on January 1, 1994; he was 38 and she was 29. They have three children: Jennifer Katharine (born 1996), Rory John (born 1999), and Phoebe Adele (born 2002).
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Today’s Google Doodle celebrates International Women’s Day 2019, with a collection of inspirational quotes from 13 notable women from different parts of the world. From India’s celebrated boxer Mary Kom to Japanese artist and songwriter Yoko Ono, the Google Doodle picks out quotes meant to empower women and some that are generally uplifting.
International Women’s Day has its roots going back more than a decade. On February 28, 1909, the erstwhile Socialist Party of America organized a Women’s Day in New York. Two years later, the International Socialist Woman’s Conference suggested that Women’s Day be celebrated annually. But the first time it was celebrated on March 8 was in 1917, after women gained suffrage in Soviet Russia. That day marked the start of the February Revolution, which along with the October Revolution, made up the Russian Revolution. It was declared a holiday in Soviet Russia, after which the day was predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries. It was eventually adopted as International Women’s Day in 1975 by the United Nations.
The Google Doodle is a colourful image of 11 dialogue boxes with the word “woman” written in 11 languages, including Hindi and Bengali. Once you click on it, a pop-up comes out that lets the user scroll through the different quotes.
Mary Kom and visually challenged diplomat NL Beno Zephine are two Indian women whose quotes make an appearance in the list along with the likes of Yoko Ono, Mexican artist Frida Kahlo and others.
The first quote in the slideshow belongs to Dr Mae Jemison, who became NASA’s first African-American woman astronaut. “Never be limited by other people’s limited imaginations,” she had said.
Mary Kom’s quote packed as much power as her punches in the boxing ring. “Do not ever say you are weak because you are a woman,” the boxing legend from Manipur had said.
Beno Zephine, who became India’s first visually challenged diplomat, had said “We are too precious to let disappointments enter our minds.”
“Feet, what do I need them for if I have wings to fly?” is Frida Kahlo’s quote chosen by Google.
Yoko Ono, who was married to Beatles star John Lennon, is quoted in the Google Doodle as saying “A dream you dream alone is only a dream. A dream you dream together is reality.”
The Supreme Court will on Friday decide whether to refer the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid land dispute, which has been pending for over 60 years, for mediation.
A five-Judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had reserved the verdict on referring the matter for an in-camera, court-monitored mediation process on Wednesday.
The top court had said during the hearing it thinks that primarily the issue is not about 1,500 square feet land, but about religious sentiments, and stressed that it is conscious of the impact of the issue on “public sentiment” and on “body politic”.
The bench, also comprising Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer, had also underlined that it has no control over what Mughal ruler Babar did and is only concerned with resolving the present situation.
Hindu bodies like Nirmohi Akhara suggested names of Justices (retd) Kurian Joseph, AK Patnaik and GS Singhvi as mediators, while the Hindu Mahasabha faction of Swami Chakrapani proposed the names of former CJIs Justices J S Khehar and Dipak Misra and Justice (retd) A K Patnaik to the bench.
While reserving the order, the court had said that the parties involved in the case may suggest names of mediators for consideration if it orders mediation on the dispute.
During Wednesday’s hearing, Hindu bodies except Nirmohi Akhara opposed the suggestion of the court to refer the issue for mediation, while Muslim bodies supported it.
At the outset, when a counsel appearing for a Hindu body said that the issue should not be referred for mediation as it would fail and public would not agree, the bench said that it is not appropriate to pre-judge.
It said that when the court orders mediation, outcome is not the consideration and it is not assuming that someone will give up its claim.
“You are saying it will be a failure. We are not assuming that somebody will give it up. Primarily, we think this issue is not a property dispute. It is not about the 1500 sq ft but it is about the religious sentiments and faith.
“We are conscious about the gravity of the issue and we are also conscious about its impact on body politic of the country. We understand how it goes and are looking at minds, hearts and healing if possible,” the bench said.
When a lawyer contended about the injustices meted out to the Hindus by invaders in the past, the bench said, “We are not concerned what has happened in the past. Don’t you think we have read the history. We are not concerned what Babar did in the past or who was the king and who invaded. We cannot undo what has happened but we can go into what exists in the present moment”.
Justice Bobde, who appeared inclined to give mediation a chance yet again, emphasised that this is a representative suit, involving people from two communities, and hence, amicable resolution would be as good as a decree of the court.
Justice DY Chandrachud, another judge on the bench, however, expressed his doubts as to how mediation will bind millions of people.
Earlier too, attempts have been made to settle the politically sensitive case amicably.
A three-judge Bench of the Allahabad High Court had tried mediation after arguments concluded on August 3, 2010. The process had collapsed apparently after the ‘Hindu’ side said it was not acceptable.
Former CJI JS Khehar had in 2017 also called for mediation and described the Ayodhya dispute as a matter of “sentiments and religion”.
“Give a bit, take a bit. Make an effort to sort it out. These are issues best decided jointly. If the parties want me to sit with mediators chosen by both the sides for negotiations, I am ready to take up the task,” the then Chief Justice ha said. This attempt by the court, however, not formal, and did not go anywhere.