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NASA Spacecraft Observes Movement of Water Molecules on Moon

NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) spacecraft has observed water molecules moving around the dayside of the Moon, a finding that may prove beneficial as the agency plans to put astronauts back on the lunar surface.

Lyman Alpha Mapping Project (LAMP) — the instrument aboard LRO — measured sparse layer of molecules temporarily stuck to the Moon’s surface, which helped characterise lunar hydration changes over the course of a day, revealed the paper published in Geophysical Research Letters.

“The study is an important step in advancing the water story on the Moon and is a result of years of accumulated data from the LRO mission,” said John Keller, LRO deputy project scientist from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Centre in Maryland.

Until the last decade, scientists thought that the Moon was arid, with any water existing mainly as pockets of ice in permanently shaded craters near the poles.

More recently, they identified surface water in sparse populations of molecules bound to the lunar soil, or regolith.

But, the amount and locations were found to vary based on the time of day. The lunar water is more common at higher latitudes and tends to hop around as the surface heats up.

Scientists had hypothesised that hydrogen ions in the solar wind may be the source of most of the Moon’s surface water. As a result, when the Moon passes behind the Earth and is shielded from the solar wind, the “water spigot” should essentially turn off.

However, the water observed by LAMP does not decrease when the Moon is shielded by the Earth and the region influenced by its magnetic field, suggesting water builds up over time, rather than “raining” down directly from the solar wind.

“These results aid in understanding the lunar water cycle and will ultimately help us learn about accessibility of water that can be used by humans in future missions to the Moon,” said lead author Amanda Hendrix, a senior scientist at the Planetary Science Institute.

“Lunar water can potentially be used by humans to make fuel or to use for radiation shielding or thermal management; if these materials do not need to be launched from Earth, that makes these future missions more affordable,” Hendrix added.

Reliance Jio’s GigaTV : New Telecom Revolution

In its 41st Annual General Meeting held last year, Reliance Jio had made pretty big announcements for the public. It was the occasion of the unveiling of Reliance Jio’s flagship service, the Reliance Jio GigaFiber and Reliance Jio GigaTV.

Now, there is hardly any person out there who has no idea about Reliance Jio’s high-speed broadband service, and now the only wait is about the commercial launch of the same. When the service goes live, which is expected to happen in the next few months, subscribers will be able to get a two-in-one service combining their FTTH (fibre-to-the-home) connection with a DTH connection. With the implementation of the new Trai tariff regime also, Reliance Jio will have an edge over other DTH providers. The overall environment in the sector will also make it fit for the launch for the GigaTV service. Reliance Jio has also announced add-on services like access to VR apps and more which will further make Reliance Jio GigaFiber one of its kind offering by any telecom operator. Here are some of the features of Reliance Jio GigaFiber which make it worth the wait.

The FTTH service by Reliance Jio is undoubtedly going to be the most significant greenfield fixed-line broadband service globally, and with the help of the Reliance Jio GigaTV set-top-box, subscribers will be able to enjoy high-speed internet right from their TV screens. The GigaFiber service will also boast of speeds like 1Gbps which will allow viewers to stream even 360-degree videos in 4K resolution at times.

TV With Voice Commands

Reliance Jio GigaFiber and GigaTV will bring onboard services which have been previously unheard of in the segment. Although there have been a few voice-command based set-top boxes in the industry for the subscribers, the Reliance Jio GigaTV set-top-box will allow you full control via voice commands wherein you will be able to surf between 600 channels and other content offerings from Reliance Jio through its applications.

Calling on Your TV Via Reliance Jio GigaTV

Going a step ahead with its offerings, Reliance Jio GigaTV will allow calling feature for its subscribers. Once you are subscribed to the service, you will be able to make calls to your friends, or family on any mobile, tablet, or another GigaFiber based TV. These calls will be routed from your TV only, and you will have the comfort of connecting with your loved ones right from the screen in front of you.

Two in One Combined Service

The biggest advantage of subscribing to Reliance Jio GigaFiber is that it will club two services into one. DTH and broadband are two services which have become almost mandatory in any household, and by offering both of these two under a single bill, Reliance Jio is making things easier for the subscribers. While the GigaFiber will be its FTTH service providing high-speed internet, the Jio GigaTV will be its STB which will provide DTH content to the subscribers.

2019 Lok Sabha elections: Congress Released list of first 15 candidates for general elections

The Congress released on Thursday its first list of 15 candidates for the upcoming Lok Sabha election. This adds to the build up to the world’s greatest electoral exercise.
The release of the first list comes a few days before the Election Commission announces the poll schedule.

These are the reasons why the first list of the Congress holds significance:

The Congress has become the first national political party to release names of candidates. This also sets to rest the speculations about the candidature and seats of Congress president Rahul Gandhi and his mother Sonia Gandhi. They will contest from their traditional bastions of Amethi and Rae Bareli respectively.

This also puts to rest the conjecture that Sonia Gandhi will retire due to health reasons and her daughter Priyanka Gandhi Vadra will contest from Rae Bareli.
However, suspense still remains whether Priyanka Vadra will contest the election.

The list has been released for only two states – UP and Gujarat. It shows the party’s importance for the two states.

UP is where two members of the Congress’s first family are contesting election.
Gujarat is the home state of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and BJP president Amit Shah.
UP is also a state which sends the maximum 80 out of 543 MPs to the Lok Sabha.

Moreover, PM Modi represents UP’s Varanasi in the Lok Sabha.
Hence, UP and Gujarat are the two main battlegrounds for the Congress.
Rahul Gandhi was declared Congress president in the midst of the December 2017 Gujarat assembly election.

It was the first state where the Congress witnessed the first impact of Rahul Gandhi’s frontal attack against Narendra Modi and the BJP. The BJP’s seat share reduced to 99 from 115 out of 182 seats.

Congress senior spokesperson Shakeel Ahmad said the Central Election Committee of the party met and declared the seats where there was only one candidate. “Screening and shortlisting will be done for the constituencies where there are more than one candidates before releasing the final list,” he said.

Meanwhile, the list also rakes up a controversy as the Congress has fielded controversial politician Imran Masood from Saharanpur.

In the run up to the 2014 Lok Sabha election, Imran Masood had threatened to chop PM Modi, who was then BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, into pieces. He was arrested and jailed.

The Congress has come under attack from the BJP for fielding Imran Masood.

BJP’s media department head and Rajya Sabha MP Anil Baluni told that not just Imran Masood, there was a long list of Congress leaders right from Rahul Gandhi to a local party leader who were abusive.

“This is their ideology – to use abusive language,” Anil Baluni said.
However, Shakeel Ahmad defended the Congress’s decision to field Imran Masood. He said, “The decision is not controversial at all. He is an extremely popular leader. He is popular among all sections of the society. He lost the 2014 Lok Sabha and 2017 Uttar Pradesh assembly elections by a small margin.”

Shloka Mehta’s bachelorette pictures are going viral

We are only few hours away from witnessing another grand wedding happening in the house of Mukesh and Nita Ambani. The grand wedding of Anant Ambani and Shloka Mehta will take place on March 9. After Isha Ambani and Anand Piramal’s exuberant wedding, the glamour refuses to settle in the Ambani household. We cannot wait to watch the gorgeous couple and who’s who of the industry to glam up the wedding tomorrow. But before we witness the grandeur of the wedding, here is something that might interest you.

Till now, we have seen Shloka Mehta in her ideal bahu avatar till now and she looked beautiful at every occasion but these unseen pictures from her bachelorette tell about the fun girl she is. Apparently, Shloka went to Berlin with her friends in October 2018 for her bachelorette.

In the first picture, Shloka is twinning with her besties in pink pajamas and a black t-shirt that says ‘Squad Goals’. It looks like they had organised a pajama party for the girl gang. Sholka looks easy and extremely happy.
In the second picture, Shloka can be seen with a group of friends – all of them wearing black slogan t-shirt which says ‘Knight Watch. Berlin 2018. #ItsShloTime’. Shloka can be seen wearing a tiara and the same slogan t-shirt in white. It looks like she had a great time with her friends. In another picture she is posing with her friends and everyone is wearing a black t-shirt with their names on it.

After a series of grand pre-wedding celebrations, we are looking forward to the wedding celebrations that are going to be the talk-of-the-town for a couple of days. All we can say is Best of Luck Anant Ambani and Shloka Mehta!

Captain Marvel box office collection Day 1

The first female-led superhero film in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, Captain Marvel, released on Friday. Starring Brie Larson in the role of Carol Danvers/Captain Marvel, this Anna Boden and Ryan Fleck directorial also brings back many MCU old hands like Nick Fury (Samuel L Jackson) and Phil Coulson (Clark Gregg).

The movie also stars Ben Mendelsohn, Djimon Hounsou, Lee Pace, Lashana Lynch, Gemma Chan, Annette Bening and Jude Law.

Captain Marvel will have a good run at the box office in India. Marvel films have a well-established audience in India and specifically the English ones. The trailer of the film has been received well and the buzz around it is also quite good. Youth are excited about it and they want this kind of films. So, I feel, all languages combined, the film will earn approximately Rs 6-7 crore on its day one in India.”

Captain Marvel was first featured in the MCU in the post-credit scene of Avengers: Infinity War, in which she was called for help by Nick Fury just before he apparently died as a result of Thanos’ decimation. She will also be in Avengers: Endgame, helping the Avengers battle Thanos and bring their dead comrades back.

Indian High Commissioner To Pakistan To Return To Islamabad Today

India’s High Commissioner to Pakistan Ajay Bisaria will reach Islamabad today having completed his consultations here, according to the Ministry of External Affairs.
Ajay Bisaria had been called to New Delhi for consultations following the Pulwama terror attack last month.

“High Commissioner of India to Pakistan, Ajay Bisaria, is returning to Islamabad after having completed his consultations in India. He will reach Islamabad on 9 March 2019 and resume his duties,” MEA Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to a media query regarding the Indian High Commissioner to Pakistan’s return to Islamabad.

Tensions between India and Pakistan escalated after a suicide bomber of Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) killed 40 CRPF personnel in Jammu and Kashmir’s Pulwama district on February 14.

India launched a counter-terror operation, with the Air Force striking a Jaish-e-Mohammed camp in Pakistan’s Balakot on February 26. The next day, Pakistan Air Force retaliated and downed a MiG-21 in aerial combat and captured its pilot Abhinandan Varthaman, who was handed over to India on March 1.

Sonia Gandhi will play a pivotal role in 2019 Lok Sabha Elections

Sonia Gandhi’s move to contest from Rae Bareli is surprising, underlying 10 Janpath’s desperate bid to shore up Congress prospects in the 2019 general elections and keep the party cadre motivated.

However, in doing so, the former Congress president has over-ruled herself. Sonia had toyed with the idea of retiring from politics in 2016 when she turned 70. The party, however, kept pressuring, dithering and delaying till Rahul Gandhi was crowned party president when the Gujarat assembly polls were underway. For the past one year, Sonia had almost stopped meeting Congress leaders, telling them to call on Rahul. However, political compulsions or the doctrine of necessity due to the post-Pulwama and surgical strikes scenario has forced her to junk her own desire to set an example of voluntary retirement from public life.

The development signals, yet again, the clout of the Congress old guard over the Gandhis. In other words, for the first time in contemporary history, the country’s illustrious political family has become hopelessly dependent on the party than the other way round.

“Sonia Gandhi dobara” has its positives. The woman from Orbassano is one of the finest graduates from the university of life. From available indications, she is preparing herself to play the role of a “kingmaker” after the 2019 Lok Sabha polls if the verdict is split.

The 2004 tie-up with the DMK was another example of realpolitik. The DMK was a party that some senior Congress leaders had in 1997 accused of being soft on the LTTE — the Sri Lankan militant outfit to whose bomb Rajiv Gandhi fell. However, from 2004-2014, Sonia displayed a refreshing approach towards allies, bringing around even the NCP, with which the party had an ego clash. Through the UPA years of 2004-14, Sonia kept both the Samajwadi Party and the Bahujan Samaj Party in good humour, even though they were rivals on the Uttar Pradesh turf.

Sources close to Sonia say her life has largely been shaped by circumstances than her free will. She was opposed to the idea of Rajiv Gandhi joining politics after Sanjay Gandhi’s death and Rajiv taking over as prime minister after Indira Gandhi. But on both occasions, circumstances forced her to accept destiny. After Rajiv Gandhi’s assassination, she showed a degree to firmness to say no to politics when the entire Congress Working Committee, led by Pranab Mukherjee, pleaded with her to be Rajiv’s successor.

By 1997, several Congress leaders such as Aslam Sher Khan, Mani Shankar Aiyar, PR Kumaramangalam, Suresh Kalmadi and Buta Singh had deserted the grand old party. In despair, a number of middle-rung leaders such as Digvijaya Singh, Ahmed Patel, Ashok Gehlot, Vayalar Ravi and Kamal Nath approached “apolitical” Sonia with a plea: “How can you allow the collapse of the Congress before your eyes.” The tardy progress in the Rajiv Gandhi assassination probe, declining fortunes of the Congress and attack on the Nehru-Gandhi legacy had weighed heavily on Sonia’s decision to join active politics. She viewed the Congress as an extension of her love for Rajiv Gandhi and the country she had chosen to live in.

Delivering a lecture on ‘Living politics: what India has taught me’ at the Nexus institute in Netherlands in 2007, Sonia had observed, “Looking back, I can say that it was through the private world of family that the public world of politics came alive for me: living in intimate proximity with people for whom larger questions of ideology and belief as well as issues relating to politics and governance were vivid daily realities. I had to school myself not to react in the face of falsehood and slander. I had to learn to endure them as the rest of the family did,” she said.

In conclusion, Sonia had remarked, “Public life in India is characterised by vigorous debate and vehement contention. The cacophony of politics is the very music of our democracy.”

GuCci’s perfume

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GUCCI’S is well known for its luxurious fashion line and quality products, designed with the perfection of Italian . They have perfumes ranging from sullry and sensuous to sweet and sugary. The GUCCI perfumes for women’s has varied range and is rather popular too.
GuCci’s perfume for women
Their perfumes rays is consider to be classic. The GUCCI’S perfume for women has varied range and is rather popular too.
For women’s
Gucci flora eau de toilette perfume has a lingering scent that stays for a long duration. The for women’s is just perfect for any Royal Event such as a film opening, business Meeting or any Special Occasion. GUCCI’S Premier is feminine, seductive and Luxurious.
GuCci’s perfume for women
Toilette has very sweet nd delicate fragrance that is simply perfect for any charming lady. This has a floral fragrance that keeps you refreshed charming throughout the day.

iOS App Development

With regards to iPhone App development, always pick the demonstrated technology organizations. There are a few organizations which creates mobile applications on both android and iOS stages. In any case, to locate the best accomplice for your image is somewhat challenging. With the adjustments in pattern and increment in the utilization of cell phones, custom iOS application development has turned into an imperative advance forward for some, businesses.Today, individuals around the globe know how adaptable and simple to-utilize iPhones are. In a blend, huge amounts of iOS applications accessible on the App store. The applications profoundly fluctuate in the quantity of portions. Be it, gaming, news, stimulation, or online business, everything is accessible on iOS. There has additionally been an extraordinary demand to hire mobile application designers.

To pick up administrations from such a technolgy organization, you have to do legitimate research and locate the best assets for the application you wish to create. While employing an application development organization, run with the person who is experienced like kietroninfotech.com. Lead a talk with the application organization in regards to your undertaking. Ensure that he is competent in clearing your inquiries and questions on the essential issues, and you are happy with the appropriate responses.

In spite of the fact that development of portability occurs crosswise over globe, development of applications is as yet focused towards specific areas. India and USA have a portion of the best iPhone applications development organizations, delivering best-in-class iOS applications for worldwide customers. From the point of view of cost-adequacy, India is the picked as one of the best nations offering iOS engineers/development organizations advertising. You can likewise procure committed iOS designers on contract, in the event that you might want NDA to be executed on the undertaking.

Google Doodle celebrates International women’s day.

Today’s Google Doodle celebrates International Women’s Day 2019, with a collection of inspirational quotes from 13 notable women from different parts of the world. From India’s celebrated boxer Mary Kom to Japanese artist and songwriter Yoko Ono, the Google Doodle picks out quotes meant to empower women and some that are generally uplifting. International Women’s Day has its roots going back more than a decade. On February 28, 1909, the erstwhile Socialist Party of America organized a Women’s Day in New York. Two years later, the International Socialist Woman’s Conference suggested that Women’s Day be celebrated annually. But the first time it was celebrated on March 8 was in 1917, after women gained suffrage in Soviet Russia. That day marked the start of the February Revolution, which along with the October Revolution, made up the Russian Revolution. It was declared a holiday in Soviet Russia, after which the day was predominantly celebrated by the socialist movement and communist countries. It was eventually adopted as International Women’s Day in 1975 by the United Nations. The Google Doodle is a colourful image of 11 dialogue boxes with the word “woman” written in 11 languages, including Hindi and Bengali. Once you click on it, a pop-up comes out that lets the user scroll through the different quotes. Mary Kom and visually challenged diplomat NL Beno Zephine are two Indian women whose quotes make an appearance in the list along with the likes of Yoko Ono, Mexican artist Frida Kahlo and others. The first quote in the slideshow belongs to Dr Mae Jemison, who became NASA’s first African-American woman astronaut. “Never be limited by other people’s limited imaginations,” she had said. Mary Kom’s quote packed as much power as her punches in the boxing ring. “Do not ever say you are weak because you are a woman,” the boxing legend from Manipur had said. Beno Zephine, who became India’s first visually challenged diplomat, had said “We are too precious to let disappointments enter our minds.” “Feet, what do I need them for if I have wings to fly?” is Frida Kahlo’s quote chosen by Google. Yoko Ono, who was married to Beatles star John Lennon, is quoted in the Google Doodle as saying “A dream you dream alone is only a dream. A dream you dream together is reality.”