Just one cigarette a day during pregnancy can double the risk of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID), warned a study.
SUID is defined as sudden and unexpected death of a baby below one year of age, in which the cause is not obvious before investigation.
For women, who smoked an average of 1-20 cigarettes a day, the odds of SUID increased by 0.07 with each additional cigarette, according to the study published in Pediatrics.
“With this information, doctors can better counsel pregnant women about their smoking habits, knowing that the number of cigarettes smoked daily during pregnancy significantly increase the risk of SUID,” said lead author Tatiana Anderson, from the Seattle Children’s Research Institute.
We hope advising women about this risk will result in less babies dying from these tragic causes.”
Women who reduced smoking by the third trimester saw a 12 per cent decrease in SUID risk. Quitting smoking was associated with a 23 per cent reduction in the risk.
“The most important takeaway is for women to understand that quitting smoking before and during pregnancy by far results in the greatest reduction in the SUID risk,” she said.
For the study, the team used computational modelling techniques to analyse maternal cigarette smoking habits for about 20 million births in the US.
The analysis also showed mothers who smoked three months before pregnancy and quit in the first trimester still had a higher risk of SUID compared with non-smokers.
The data supports public health efforts aimed at encouraging women to quit smoking well before pregnancy, Anderson said.
Pregnant mothers exposed to particulate matters may experience damage to the developing cardiovascular system in their foetuses, finds a study. Exposures to these microscopic materials early in the gestation period significantly impact foetal heart development, especially the main artery and the umbilical vein.
A single exposure during the third trimester could restrict maternal and foetal blood flow, resulting in further consequences throughout the child’s adulthood, the study said. Late exposures mostly impact the foetal size as it restricts blood flow from the mother and deprives the foetus of nutrients in the final stages.
“Pregnant women should also consider monitoring their indoor air quality,” said Phoebe Stapleton, Assistant Professor at Rutgers University. What a mother inhales affects her circulatory system, which is constantly adapting to supply adequate blood flow to the fetus as it grows.
“These findings suggest that pregnant women, women of child-bearing age and those undergoing fertility treatments should avoid areas with high air pollution or stay indoors on high-smog days,” said Stapleton. Air pollution exposure constricts blood vessels, restricts blood flow to the uterus and deprives the foetus of oxygen and nutrients, resulting in delayed growth and development.
It can also lead to common pregnancy complications, such as intrauterine growth restriction, he explained. The study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Toxicology, looked at how the circulatory systems of pregnant rats’ foetuses on a single exposure to nanosized titanium dioxide aerosols — a surrogate for particles found in typical air pollution — during their first, second and third trimesters.
The results were compared to pregnant rats that were exposed to high-efficiency filtered air. In non-pregnant animals, even a single exposure to these nanoparticles was linked to impaired function of the arteries in the uterus.
Smoking tobacco through Hookah results in inhaling more toxic chemicals than a cigarette.
The study published in the American Heart Association’s journal, called Circulation, states that a single session of hookah, that typically lasts 30 or more minutes, typically results in greater exposure to carbon monoxide than a cigarette and that the toxic chemicals, in addition to tobacco, harm the heart and blood vessels.
Hookah is also known as Narghile, Arghile, Shisha and Goza. It has a water bowl containing tobacco, has a head with holes in the bottom, a body, a flexible hose with a mouthpiece, and burning charcoal that is placed on top of the tobacco bowl.
The tobacco for hookah comes in various flavours and often colourful packaging, which appeals to the youth. The sweetness of the flavours masks the harshness of smoke that makes it easier to continue smoking hookahs.
“Many young people mistakenly believe that smoking tobacco from a hookah is less harmful than cigarette smoking because the tobacco is filtered through water, but there is no scientific evidence that supports that claim. However, there is evidence to suggest that hookah smoking is addictive and can lead to the use of other tobacco products such as cigarettes,” said co-author Aruni Bhatnagar.
Hookah users inhale huge smoke filled with large quantities of particulate matter at higher concentrations than cigarettes. Even short-term exposure to carbon monoxide in hookahs is toxic and can interfere with exercise capacity.
In addition to carbon monoxide, hookah smoke contains other potentially harmful chemicals that can affect the cardiovascular system, including nicotine, air pollutants, particulate matter, volatile organic chemicals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, acrolein, lead, cadmium and arsenic. Most of these toxins are higher in hookah than cigarette smoke.
The study further says that there is evidence that tobacco in Hookah when smoked, impacts heart rate and blood pressure. Constant use of Hookah has been linked with increased coronary artery disease risk.
The trend of Hookah among young people rose with promotions on social media making it seem like a cool hobby to have, better than smoking a cigarette because that has been proven toxic and unhealthy.
Suffering from migraine? You could be at higher odds of having chronic dry eye disease, says a new study.
The chronic dry eye is a common disease in which natural tears fail to adequately lubricate the eyes, thus affecting its functioning and lessening a person’s quality of life.
The study showed that people with migraine had a 20 per cent higher risk of having dry eye disease, the HealthDay reported.
For men, aged 65 or above, having migraine nearly doubled the odds of dry eye disease, and risk in women of the same age was almost 2.5 times.
The association between migraine and dry eye was found to be more among the elderly, particularly for women due to hormonal changes caused by pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives and menopause, the researchers said.
“Physicians caring for patients with a history of migraine headaches should be aware that these patients may be at risk for concurrent dry eye disease,” said Richard Davis, ophthalmologist at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in the US.
For the study, the team examined 73,000 adults.
The findings, published in the journal JAMA Ophthalmology, showed 8-34 per cent of adults may be affected by dry eye disease.
Further, similar underlying inflammatory processes at the cellular level are known to play key roles in both dry eye disease and migraine.
“Inflammatory changes in dry eye disease might trigger similar events in neuromuscular tissue, leading to the development and propagation of migraine headaches,” the team noted.
Excessive dryness of the eye’s surface might work on key nerve pathways to help trigger migraines, they added.
In addition, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, thyroid problems, exposure to smoke, wind and dry climates, and long-term use of contact lenses can also lead to dry eyes, the study noted
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Take a always healthy food and forever stay healthy and classy.
Do you want to have a nice and well-lit dinner? If yes so lets try something different for healthy dinner …🍪. If you want to eat healthy foods, please eat your diet according because it’s very helpful for your help.
Carefully remove the baking sheet from the oven and spread the vegetables on it.
Place the chicken on top of the vegetables.
Return the fry pan to the oven and roast stirring the vegetables once halfway through, until the veg. Are tender and beginning to brown and an instant read thermometer inserted into a chicken thigh registers 165degreeF, 30to 35 mins.
Cut down on dishes
A rimmed baking paper is good for everything from roasting to catching accidentally drips and spill
For effort less clean up and to keep Ur baking paper in tip top shape
1.Glowing Skin2.Anti-aging Benefits3.Remove dead skin cells4.Treat Acne5.Moisturise Skin6.Energy7.For your healthy heart and blood pressure
What is good in banana’s?
Bananas are good source of vitamin C , dietary fibre and manganese, Potassium.
Bananas give your energy-minus the fats and cholesterol.
Banana Eat properly helps FITNESS ensure that your muscles have enough energy to power through your workout.
Prevent your low blood sugar after physical activity that can cause dizziness and fatigue.
Having a banana you eat daily in breakfast.Glycogen level top up in your body.. Glycogen is your body main source of energy.
1.Rich in potassium and mosturise it will help you hydrate your skin and moisture dry skin.
ItWill help you making soft and glowing skin and feels fresh and good.
Simply apply a banana face mask put on your skin for 10 to 15mints and wash with cold water and enjoy your soft and glowing skin.
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Metabolise amino acids.And Bananas are good source of vitamin C a medium sized banana will provide about 10% of your daily vitamin C needs.its helps give you vitamin C.
If you want to be healthy? You’ll make the time..you should be permanent do exercise. We watched interviewed exercise scientists, celebrity trainers, authors and busy everyday people to get a handle on the some most promising strategies.
1. Make a Plan.
The best way to make. Time for exercise is to have a written plan,”says Chris Evert,18-time grand slam tennis champion.This way it shows up daily and there’s less chance of you scheduling something during that time .
Also, when you check your schedule in morning, you’ll see it there and form a mental picture of when and how you’ll be exercising that day, which helps you stay motivated.
2. Find Five Minutes
Even if your day is packed with meetings and other commitments Health Tips You absolutely can eke out five minutes for yourself, says Simmons.And that simple act of self-care has the potential to change your life.
“I tell people it’s ok to start very, very small.”A five -minutes walk now can easily turn into daily 30-minute walks a few weeks from now. “You have to start somewhere,”he says.Try and see results.
3. Limit Screen Time
Don’t aimlessly surf cable channels or the internet, says Rodriguez. That’s a surefire way to waste time you could be spending in more active ways .
Before you sit down,set a time (consider keeping a kitchen timer nearby to alert you when times up).
Most of us occasionally watch shows we don’t love because we’re bored.”consider trading just 30 minutes of that low-value television time for exercise ,”he says .”my guess is you won’t miss it.”
4: Be an active watcher.
When you do watch T.V,make the most of it .Do some ball-crunches ,planks,yoga poses,sqauts,lunges or pushups while you’re watching.
keep fitness equipment,such as a kettlebell, resistance bands and a jump rope,near the T.V. Or use the commercial break to mix in brief cardio intervals.
Run in place or up and down the stairs; do some burpees or jumping jacks.
5. Be Yourself
Part of the reason you can’t make time for exercise may be because you’re not focusing on the right workout for your personality,says Marta Montenegro, MS, CS,CO, ST, celebrity trainer and exercise physiology professor at Florida international University.
“Instead,analyse your Healthylifestyle and personality to find a routine that suits you.”once you understand your fitness personality.
You’ll be able to identify activities you actually enjoy,and squeezing them into your schedule nearly.
6. Rise and Shine
For most people, the day only gets more demanding as it goes on.says celebrity trainer and fitness DVD star Sara Haley.”Exercising first thing in the morning will ensure you fit it in.
” She says ,Lay out your workout clothes the night before,she suggests. “This way you won’t waste any time and can’t claim you. Forgot anything.”